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Phellia gausapata

Gosse, 1858


Erling Svensen I have tried for long time to give this species a name. Could it be a Norwegian form of Anthopleura thallia, Phellia gausapata or Cataphellia brodicii? It lives very, very exposed from 2-3 meters only down to 10 meters. The diameter is only aprox. 1 cm.

Chris Wood Erling Svensen can you check the column and see if it has stripes, sticky warts, non sticky warts etc? Phellia has sticky warts so would have little pieces of gravel etc stuck to it. Both Cataphellia and Anthopleura thallia are supposed to be southerly species so would be unlikely in Norway. Anthopleura is usually in rock pools partly covered in gravel/sand. I am not sure about Cataphellia I don't think I have ever seen it.

Erling Svensen Thanks Chris. I would do so.

Brendan Oonk I have asked Ron Ates (author of "Anemones of Dutch coast" about this pic. This is ( a translated abstact of) his answer: This is not an easy identification. I am confinced that it is a Sagartia-species. The patern in the oral disc is not typical for S. elegans. That would mean it is most likely S. troglodytes. If you check the acontia, these should be twice as thick in S. elegans than in S. troglodytes.

Erling Svensen Thanks. The acontia are quite thin in this species, so probably you are right.

Message posted on NE Atlantic Cnidaria on 17 Jun 2013
George Brown I think this is Isozoanthus sulcatus but would appreciate confirmation. Lots of them about but difficult to photograph when you have the wrong lens on! Limestone reef in Loch Eishort, west coast of Skye. Depth 20m. Temp 6C. 25th March 2013.

Keith Hiscock Looks like it to me. I will send you some photos from Plymouth area. Aka 'ginger tinies'.

George Brown Thanks Keith, says so much more than Isozoanthus sulcatus.

Chris Wood George it would be good to have a form with this on as there are no records of Isozoanthus from Skye on the NBN, or indeed anywhere further north so its a bit of a find. The fully expanded one is certainly Isozoanthus but the partly contracted ones look quite different to how I am used to seeing them. in fact I wondered if they were Phellia gausapata ... but probably not - aka peppercorn anemone so many names for something so small.

George Brown Thank you Chris, on the case with a surveyor form. I'm familiar with Phellia and can see exactly what you mean but I only find Phellia in high energy sites such as gullies and the like. Also there were none bigger than the ones in the photo, all were about 3mm to 4mm in diameter. Do they produce a connecting stolon or root system? Or are they truly individual - I guess they are? This is a site I'll be back to as there are plans to site a huge fish farm complex here which has aroused much concern. The site is also choked with silt from endless scallop dredging. Very sad.

Chris Wood George yes there is a connecting stolon but it isn't usually visible. As a rule they lie flat with a layer of silty sediment on top so you don't see either the stolon or the column which is what makes your picture unusual. Yes agree Phellia is always somewhere exposed.

Message posted on NE Atlantic Cnidaria on 26 Mar 2013
Taxonomy
Animalia (Kingdom)
  Cnidaria (Phylum)
    Anthozoa (Class)
      Hexacorallia (Subclass)
        Actiniaria (Order)
          Nyantheae (Suborder)
            Thenaria (Infraorder)
              Acontiaria (Superfamily)
                Sagartiidae (Family)
                  Phellia (Genus)
                    Phellia gausapata (Species)
Associated Species