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Peltodoris atromaculata

Bergh, 1880


Samir Solakovic Peltodoris atromaculata Pula, Istra SONY DSC-W200, f/2,8 1/200sec. ISO-125 no flash

Message posted on Scubashooters.net on 17 Jul 2013
Alexandre Ripert Peltodoris atromaculata

Jaime Romero Peltodoris atromaculata Lanzarote -Canary Islands

João Pedro Silva Very nice document showing the prey and the predator.

Samir Solakovic Peltodoris atromaculata Pula, Istra SONY DSC-W200, f/2,8 1/200sec. ISO-125 no flash

Message posted on UWphotographers on 17 Jul 2013
David Serrano Peltodoris atromaculata, Gijón, zona de las gemelas

Message posted on Nudibranquios on 16 Nov 2013
Manuel Martínez Chacón Peltodoris atromaculata.

Victor Sanchez Blanco, naranja y negro. Me encanta la foto Manuel.

Cristina Montes ..preciosassssss vaquitasss....

Message posted on Nudibranquios on 25 Sep 2013
Javier Alvarez Lerida Os dejo la imagen de una Vaquita Suiza (Peltodoris Atromaculata) vista hoy en las dos espectaculares inmersiones de barco que hemos hecho desde Canyelles. www.bcndiving.com

Mireia Hernández Ascanio Me encantan!!!

Message posted on Nudibranquios on 13 Jan 2013
Bloc Dixhuit peltodoris atromaculata

Message posted on NUDIBRANCH LOVERS on 22 Aug 2012
Florian Feldgrill Leopardenschnecke (Peltodoris atromaculata) Biograd Croatia D7000 Seacam Housing 12.8.2012 12h40 1/100s f/22 ISO 125 auto 60mm macro 1 flash

Ferdinando Meli My favorite nudibranch... Very nice shot!

Message posted on Underwater Macro Photographers on 10 Mar 2012
Mauro Certelli Peltodoris atromaculata Oct. 2011 Costa Cuti- Nettuno Mediterranean sea Sony dsc-w380

Message posted on Underwater Macro Photographers on 28 Dec 2011
Łukasz Piszczek Peltodoris atromaculata Croatia, Stari Grad Canon EOS 400D + Ikelite DS160 F/10, 1/200s ISO 200

Ana Luísa Parreira Neves Like a lot!

Message posted on UWphotographers on 29 Aug 2012
Jaime Romero

João Pedro Silva Peltodoris atromaculata

Ashley Missen Moo Cow Nudi

João Pedro Silva It's the only nudibranch with a truly common name which can be effectively used to identify it. In most of its range it is known as a "cow" (or variations within the theme) in several languages (portuguese, spanish, catalan, italian).

Cristina Montes ...mirar que curioso...

Xavi Carrillo de Albornoz Qué diseño de vestido más chulo !!

Cristina Montes ...vaquita con galletitas oreo...

María Eugenia Suárez Cristina Montes es cierto, parecen oreos!

Cristina Montes ...siiiii.....

João Pedro Silva Não se trata da chamada "vaquita" (Peltodoris atromaculata) do Atlântico e Mediterrâneo mas sim de Jorunna funebris, do Indo-Pacífico. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jpsilva1971/9462782108/

Message posted on Nudibranquios on 25 Sep 2013
Vanessa Chiara Cruz

Lindz Warren Where was this photo taken?

João Pedro Silva I'd suspect the Mediterranean although this species (Peltodoris atromaculata) is often found in the NE Atlantic aswell.

Vanessa Chiara Cruz right, this is in ventotene, a little small island in italy.

Message posted on NUDIBRANCH LOVERS on 14 Mar 2013
Aurelio Battista canon G15 isole tremiti

Ron Silver Peltodoris atromaculata

Aurelio Battista vacchetta di mare ;)

Message posted on UW photo - Fotosub on 20 May 2013
Nuno Filipe Silvestre

Gary Cobb This is Peltodoris atromaculata

Message posted on EPAM Nudibranchs on 03 May 2013
John Paul Connor Les Triplés Doris Dalmatien Grotte de la Cathédrale du Trayas Juin 2013 Sony DSC-W630

Stuart Pearce Very nice shot :)

John Paul Connor Many thanks Stuart

Ron Silver Peltodoris atromaculata

John Paul Connor Thanks Ron

Message posted on The Global Diving Community on 13 Nov 2013
Nuno Filipe Silvestre Peltodoris atromaculata Foto tirada dia 02 de Abril de 2013 a uma profundidade de +- 14 metros

João Pedro Silva Nuno, that's Peltodoris atromaculata, a common species in our area. When posting here, as this is a group more oriented towards studying sea slugs and less for sharing pretty pictures, keep in mind it's important to say where it was taken including depth and time of the year as this information may prove useful.

Nuno Filipe Silvestre Como costumo mergulhar na nossa área tenho algumas fotos de nudibrânquios e é como muito gosto que partilho as imagens do mesmo par efeitos de estudos. Suponho que o interesse seja bilateral, eu porque dentro do possível tento tirar boa fotos e partilhar e vocês que conseguem obter uma ajuda na monotorização das espécies. Entretanto fiquei com duvidas se realmente têm interesse ou não em saber os dados relacionados como o local e data do registo fotográfico. Caso haja algum interesse nas minhas fotos, não tenho apenas deste Peltodoris atromaculata, como também tenho de Dondice banyulensis, Flabellina babai, Doriopsilla areolata, Roboastra europaea, Felimare picta, Felimida krohni ( Chromodoris krohni), Platydoris argo, Felimare villafranca (Hypselodoris villafranca), Felimare cantabrica (Hypselodoris cantabrica), Felimida krohni (Chromodoris krohni), Doriopsilla pelseneeri, Felimare tricolor (Hypselodoris tricolora). João, peço desculpa pela resposta em Português, mas pelo nome pareceu-me também o ser!

Nuno Filipe Silvestre Também não tinha reparado que o estudo estava restrito a uma zona.

João Pedro Silva Sim, Nuno, também sou português, assim como muitos outros aqui. But for the sake of communication between all the participants we keep english as the "lingua franca". All data is useful although those species are fairly common along the portuguese coast. Feeding, mating and spawning behaviours are always welcome. Regarding that particular spot, it's where I hold my personal record: 27 species in a single 60' immersion :)

João Pedro Silva If you're interested, go through my blog to meet some other sea slugs in our area and also identify further observations: http://hypselodoris.blogspot.pt/

João Pedro Silva I went through some of your photos of nudibranchs and spotted a couple of misidentifications (one Felimida purpurea identified as Felimida krohni and a Felimare cantabrica identified as Felimare picta) but I'm unable to comment there.

Message posted on NE Atlantic Nudibranchs on 03 May 2013
Bülent Kılınç Spanish Dancer Gökçeada Turkey Nikon d800E 60 mm f18 1/200 ISO 100 Z240 Strobes

Jenny Wong Spanish dancer? Lot difference from the one i used to saw!

Krzysiek Ro Gal Beautiful Lady :-)

João Pedro Silva Looks like a sea hare, not a spanish dancer which is a common name associated with a nudibranch (Hexabranchus sanguineus) not occurring in the Mediterranean (at least yet...).

João Pedro Silva It actually a cephalaspidean, a head shield slug: Gastropteron rubrum. More info at the Sea Slug Forum: http://www.seaslugforum.net/gastrubr.htm

João Pedro Silva This goes to show the use of common names in these animals is often misleading. Here's a post by Bill Rudman on the subject of using common names for sea slugs: http://www.seaslugforum.net/find/common

Ron Silver Use of common names period is misleading! Long live binomial nomenclature - even if it is constantly changing. LOL

João Pedro Silva Even then, Ron Silver. While writing the field guide on the Sea Slugs of the Algarve we had to do many changes: the Chromodorididae were all revised a few months before we delivered the manuscript.

Ron Silver I know. The use of genetic testing is basically rewriting the science (art?) of classification and certainly seems to be tolling the death knell of the 'lumpers vs. splitters' arguments of days gone by!

João Pedro Silva But this photo and the consequent comments have shown there are some exceptions. This was not a case of simply using a common name for several unrelated species: no one uses "spanish dancer" for Gastropterum rubrum. It is a case of misidentification. There are 3 or 4 common names in some languages which can be used to positively identify a species. One of those cases is precisely "spanish dancer" as everyone knows it refers to Hexabranchus sanguineus. Other is the Mediterranean and Atlantic Peldororis atromaculata which is called in several latin languages (but not french) "small cow" (and variations on the same theme). When someone tells me he or she has seen a small cow I can be sure they have seen Peltodoris atromaculata. Most of the other names are useless an can be used to refer several unrelated species even within the same distribution range (let alone in different oceans...).

João Pedro Silva I think there are "lumping" and "splitting" periods and even overlapping sometimes. And DNA analysis (actually, some scientists consider the gene loci used so far may not be good enough) may provide information which goes both ways. For instance, the latest revision on Aeolidiidae hints on Aeolidia papillosa actually being a complex of 3 species... and the control specimen used (from other families) hint towards Flabellina confusa and Piseinotecus gaditanus being the same species (I think synonymy was not proposed because it was out of the scope of the paper). http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0063000

Ron Silver I surrender! :-D

Bülent Kılınç thanks a lot for the information you gave us Joao Pedro Silva and I will inform the local dive guides in Gökçeada Turkey.I was told that this critters have not been seen around there before and a kind of Spanish Dancer.

Bülent Kılınç I change the name of this critter as Gastropteron Rebrum

João Pedro Silva Glad to be of help, Bülent Kılınç!

João Pedro Silva Although this species is also present in the Atlantic, we haven't included it in our field guide. If you're comfortable reading french I recommend you a very comprehensive field guide for the Mediterranean with 171 species of sea slugs: "Des Limaces de Reve", by Sandrine Bielecki, Gilles Cavigneux, Jean Michel Crouzet and Sylvie Grall. http://www.deslimacesdereve.com/ Although it's only 3 years old there have already been some changes in the nomenclature so it may be worth to check with WoRMS for the current valid names.

Fabio Strazzi nice shot

Message posted on Scubashooters.net on 20 Jul 2013
Nuno Filipe Silvestre Peltodoris atromaculata Foto tirada dia 02 de Abril de 2013 a uma profundidade de +- 14 metros

João Pedro Silva Nuno, that's Peltodoris atromaculata, a common species in our area. When posting here, as this is a group more oriented towards studying sea slugs and less for sharing pretty pictures, keep in mind it's important to say where it was taken including depth and time of the year as this information may prove useful.

Nuno Filipe Silvestre Como costumo mergulhar na nossa área tenho algumas fotos de nudibrânquios e é como muito gosto que partilho as imagens do mesmo par efeitos de estudos. Suponho que o interesse seja bilateral, eu porque dentro do possível tento tirar boa fotos e partilhar e vocês que conseguem obter uma ajuda na monotorização das espécies. Entretanto fiquei com duvidas se realmente têm interesse ou não em saber os dados relacionados como o local e data do registo fotográfico. Caso haja algum interesse nas minhas fotos, não tenho apenas deste Peltodoris atromaculata, como também tenho de Dondice banyulensis, Flabellina babai, Doriopsilla areolata, Roboastra europaea, Felimare picta, Felimida krohni ( Chromodoris krohni), Platydoris argo, Felimare villafranca (Hypselodoris villafranca), Felimare cantabrica (Hypselodoris cantabrica), Felimida krohni (Chromodoris krohni), Doriopsilla pelseneeri, Felimare tricolor (Hypselodoris tricolora). João, peço desculpa pela resposta em Português, mas pelo nome pareceu-me também o ser!

Nuno Filipe Silvestre Também não tinha reparado que o estudo estava restrito a uma zona.

João Pedro Silva Sim, Nuno, também sou português, assim como muitos outros aqui. But for the sake of communication between all the participants we keep english as the "lingua franca". All data is useful although those species are fairly common along the portuguese coast. Feeding, mating and spawning behaviours are always welcome. Regarding that particular spot, it's where I hold my personal record: 27 species in a single 60' immersion :)

João Pedro Silva If you're interested, go through my blog to meet some other sea slugs in our area and also identify further observations: http://hypselodoris.blogspot.pt/

João Pedro Silva I went through some of your photos of nudibranchs and spotted a couple of misidentifications (one Felimida purpurea identified as Felimida krohni and a Felimare cantabrica identified as Felimare picta) but I'm unable to comment there.

Message posted on NE Atlantic Nudibranchs on 03 May 2013
Phil Wardle This was taken 4 weeks ago in Malta and was told it is called Disco Doris

Phil Wardle

Phil Wardle if anyone could tell me actual name or is actually called Disco Doris?

Sylvie Omnès Peltodoris atromaculata ( common name "dalmatian doris" )

Phil Wardle thks

Sylvie Omnès "Discodoris" is the name of another "family" of nudis .

Ken Hawkhead Have you seen one of them Pete

João Pedro Silva Peltodoris atromaculata (previously was also known as Discodoris atromaculata). As Sylvie Omnès says, this one has common names which really point to a single species. In French, it's the "Doris dalmatien", in Italian it's "vacchetta di mare", in Spanish "vaquita", in Portuguese "vaquinha" (these three mean the same, "little cow"). At least for the species in this area, it's a unique case where I think the common name is useful and effective.

Gavin Bushell Could I have seen this in the Azores as well? I didn't have my camera but I am sure I saw one of these last week diving on the south coast of Pico, in about 20 metres on a vertical wall in very thin algae. About 2 cms long. I made a fairly good note of it on my slate.

João Pedro Silva Yes, they're actually more common in the Azores than in continental Portugal.

Gavin Bushell Brilliant, thanks so much.

João Pedro Silva They grow quite a bit. At 2cm long it was a relatively small individual.

Ab van Lenten Discodoris Atromaculata l'Escala, Spain Canon 40D, 60mm 2.8, 2x DS160, Subsea +10 1/125, f/16, ISO 250

João Pedro Silva Peltodoris atromaculata

Ab van Lenten According to wiki we are using a synonym, same species?

João Pedro Silva Quite, but you have to understand there are valid, accepted synonyms and unaccepted ones, usually junor (described later). That is why we don't use the invalid synonyms, otherwise we could still use Doris auriculatus, the name Müller gave to Facelina auriculata in 1776. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Facelina_auriculata

Ab van Lenten Ok, I see I need to read some more about this, thanks

Kirstie Knowles For those of us still getting up to speed with the taxonomy of these beasties, I find using WORMS (World Register of Marine Species) to be very useful (and user friendly to non-specialists). Obviously updates happening all the time but the WORMS editors are specialists themselves and pretty onto it.

David Kipling Contrary to what Dawn Watson thinks, I do not have a supply of model nudibranchs that I take with me on dives ;) These are from the National Museum here in Wales, made of Fimo I think!

Christian Skauge I have a kit like this, bought on eBay from Japan :-)

João Pedro Silva My wife makes bijoux with Fimo professionally and I've been trying (for ages!) to convince her to do these models with the portuguese species.

Christian Skauge http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1550708580196&set=a.1157771997027.24269.1609584836&type=3&theater

João Pedro Silva Hurrah! I've shown my wife these models and she asked me to pick 6 species for her to make until June :)

Bernard Picton Tell your wife it's a very noble tradition. These glass models were traded widely and many museums still have some. There was a conference about them in recent years in Dublin. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopold_and_Rudolf_Blaschka

Bernard Picton Christian Skauge, for your contact who wanted Glaucus, NM Wales have a Blaschka one!! http://www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/rhagor/galleries/blaschka/

Christian Skauge Do you have dates for June? Been away a few days (Nudibranch Safari, of course!) and haven't paid much attn to FB...

Bernard Picton Or July?

Christian Skauge Fantastic glass figures - I want one!!

Bernard Picton I doubt if you can afford one, I'm afraid. But if you visit Ireland we could try and get to see the ones in National Museum of Ireland. It was closed to the public, but I have contacts. http://www.ucd.ie/blaschka/

Christian Skauge Will do! I think I'll have to steal one, they seem a bit pricy... :-D

Bernard Picton Did you find a price?

João Pedro Silva Sorry, I don't have dates yet :(

João Pedro Silva I've sent a list of 8 species so she can pick 6: Flabellina babai, Hypselodoris villafranca (these are so common they are a "must"), Armina maculata, Marionia blainvillea, Diaphorodoris luteocincta, Dondice banyulensis, Chromodoris luteorosea, Cadlina pellucida. If these turn out ok I'm counting on you to convince her to the all the NE Atlantic species :)

David Kipling Okenia elegans of course!

Christian Skauge @ Bernard: Found no price, just a wild guess :-)

Gonçalo Calado Same with algarvian typical pastery http://www.imagesofportugal.net/media/471cd934-bdc1-11e0-acb5-57e8dc34769b-algarve-s-traditional-pastry-portugal

João Pedro Silva I usually describe Platydoris argo as a pancake orange underneath with sugar on top.

Bernard Picton Now don't go there... Seasearch keep inventing common names for things, Amphilectus fucorum = shredded carrot sponge - trouble is they are always food related...

Bernard Picton Pentapora was widely called ross coral (I think a typo for rose) but they invented potato crisp bryozoan....

Christian Skauge hahaha I always get hungry when finding a sea sausage :)

João Pedro Silva All the nudibranchs here in Portugal share on common name: "nudibranch". Except for Peltodoris atromaculata: "vaquinha suíça" (literally, "swiss cow", a dairy Holstein breed cow).

Becky Hitchin I have some plastic nudibranchs from Japan :)

David Kipling I have to say that I am disappointed that the National Museum (which tends to focus on welsh natural history) has a display of purely tropical nudibranchs! I think we should get João Pedro Silva's wife to make an extravagant set of NE Atlantic nudibranchs to replace them, to show that the Atlantic has species that can easily rival those in the tropics.

David Kipling Although we might have to make the Dotos a bit larger-than-life!

Message posted on NE Atlantic Nudibranchs on 29 Mar 2012
Tony Menor http://fotoyvideosubmarino.blogspot.com.es/ Mallorca Island. Spain

Tony Menor canon 40d+100 mm macro.; f9 ;v 1/100; iso 100

Ilse Merz great!

Ron Silver Discodoris atromaculata

Ron Silver Taxonomists have changed this to Peltodoris atromaculata.

Elly Jeurissen Beautiful! A furry nudi.... :-D

Craig McInally Tony, no diopter? Great detail w 100mm even with APS-C!

Tony Menor no diopter. thanks

Terry Schuller great depth of field and detail

Message posted on Wetpixel Underwater Photography on 14 Jan 2013
Claudia Weber-Gebert the horn of the "sea cow" El Hierro - Canary Islands Canon G10

Stuart Pearce Beautiful Spotty Doris (thats what we used to call them anyway lol) :)

Claudia Weber-Gebert yes I know ...in spanisch they call them "sea cow" - I like it ;-) Thank you Stuart :)

Stuart Pearce We will both be in trouble later for using nicknames instead of scientific nomenclature LOL :D

Claudia Weber-Gebert I don't like scientific names...for me, those creatures are individuals and I can nearly remember every shot I made... so I really prefer the nicknames ;-)

Tony Strazzari I like sea cow ... they look like Friesians

Claudia Weber-Gebert :D

Ernst Andres Beauty :-)

Claudia Weber-Gebert Danke Ernst :)

Ernst Andres You are welcome Claudia :-)

Ron Silver Peltodoris atromaculata

Claudia Weber-Gebert (Y) thanks Ron Silver :)

Antonio Colacino Peltodoris atromaculata .nice shot,lives on Spongia Petrosia ficiformis wich is his food too.In Italy the common name is "vacchetta di mare" traslated in english "young sea cow" :)

Claudia Weber-Gebert Thank you Antonio Colacino - so I was not so wrong with "the horn of the sea cow" ;)

Message posted on The Global Diving Community on 10 Oct 2013
Dejan Hriljac Peltodoris atromaculata @ Zalici, island Cres, Croatia. Photo by Anton Žužić

Message posted on Scubashooters.net on 21 Jul 2013
João Pedro Silva A 12cm long Peltodoris atromaculata from yesterday's dive in Farilhões, Berlengas, Portugal. Fortunately, the good visibility in this spot (~25m) enables us to photograph these "giants" with a 100mm lens.

Message posted on NE Atlantic Nudibranchs on 08 Aug 2013
João Pedro Silva David and Goliath: a small Eubranchus farrani appears in a photo of Peltodoris atromaculata.

Message posted on NE Atlantic Nudibranchs on 12 Jul 2012
Tayfun Guven Peltodoris Atromaculata.İbrice port/Turkey Canon G12 f2,8 1/160 iso 80

Noi Kuruku Noi woww

Message posted on UWphotographers on 03 Jul 2013
João Pedro Silva Peltodoris atromaculata Local: Portimão, Algarve, Portugal Spot: Jardim dos Nudibrânquios Profundidade: 11m Data: 23-08-2012

Message posted on Nudibranquios on 29 Aug 2013
Mikel Olaskoaga Peltodoris atromaculata Canon s100 f8 1/250 iso 100 Canon s100 inon +10 San Sebastian Basque country

Zanetti Martina so nice

Message posted on UWphotographers on 04 May 2013
Vito Lorusso

Manuel Martínez Chacón El nombre correcto sería Peltodoris atromaculata. Discodoris fué impuesto por un malacólogo sin justificación y ha sido desechado.

Vito Lorusso Manuel, no parece .....

Vito Lorusso http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discodoris_atromaculata

Vito Lorusso Manuel .... tienes razón! Peltodoris atromaculata

Message posted on NUDIBRANCH LOVERS on 01 Oct 2013
Jol Falcés

Naoufal Baliste es un Peltodoris atromaculata

Jol Falcés Es una Discodoris atromaculata, también de la Costa Brava.

Naoufal Baliste si tambien es un sininimo, de Peltodoris atromaculata :)

Naoufal Baliste gracias

Message posted on Nudibranquios on 25 Jun 2013
Enrica Tumino Discodoris atromaculata (Vacchetta di mare) - Nisida (Napoli)

Enrica Tumino Grazie, Wilson :)

Marlon Delgado Is this a Cow?? :P

Enrica Tumino Sure! A little cow! :) She is so pretty... :D

Gary Cobb This species is now known as Peltodoris atromaculata Bergh, 1880 as per Dayrat 2010

Enrica Tumino Thanks, Gary!!! You're right! "Discodoris" was the traditional scientific genus classification of this species, but recent studies reclassified this mollusk as a "Peltodoris" genus. :D

João Pedro Silva In my talks I usually say that nudibranchs haven't got common names... with the exception of this one in this area. I know for sure when people tell me they've seen a "little cow" they're referring to this species. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jpsilva1971/7846999694/

Message posted on EPAM Nudibranchs on 07 Apr 2013
Taxonomy
Animalia (Kingdom)
  Mollusca (Phylum)
    Gastropoda (Class)
      Heterobranchia (Subclass)
        Opisthobranchia (Infraclass)
          Nudibranchia (Order)
            Euctenidiacea (Suborder)
              Doridacea (Infraorder)
                Doridoidea (Superfamily)
                  Discodorididae (Family)
                    Peltodoris (Genus)
                      Peltodoris atromaculata (Species)
Associated Species